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How the Graduated Licensing System makes your learner a safe driver

What’s next based on your learner’s age

How your learner moves through the Graduated Licensing System

Build your supervising skills with Road Smart

Why you learner must log 120 hours if they’re under 21

How your learner moves through the Graduated Licensing System

Your learner’s changing crash risk as they go from their Ls to Ps

Read up on the road rules

The Graduated Licensing System helps your learner develop as a safe driver as it:


Prepares them for solo driving

With lots of driving practice with you on their Ls.



Assesses their level of driving

To check if they can drive safely in everyday traffic, before they’re allowed to drive solo.

Reduces their risk of having a crash

Keeping out of high-risk situations as they gain experience.


Motivates them for safe driving

To drive safely and within the law on their Ps.


What's next based on your learner's age

An evaluation of the Graduated Licensing System in 2017 found those in the first year of their Ps and drivers 18 to 20 years have had their rate of involvement in fatal and serious injury crashes drop.

Getting a minimum of 120 hours driving experience allows your learner to:


Gain driving experience

In low-risk through to more challenging situations over time.


Prepares for solo driving

Through lots of practise with you when they're on their Ls.



Learn in a staged approach

To help them deal with simple to complex driving situations before they drive solo.

Be a safe driver

By building their safe driving behaviours.


Find out how you move through the Graduated Licensing System.
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Age you can apply

16 years

What you need to apply

Fitness to drive.

Proof of who you are.

What we'll assess

Eyesight test.

Road rules test.

What you need to do when you drive

Clearly display L plates at the front and back of your vehicle, which must be visible from 20 metres away.

Carry your car learner permit.

Drive with a supervising driver in the seat beside you, who has a full car licence (not their Ps).

Have a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of zero.

Only a securely-mounted device for navigation or music, set up prior to driving. No touching or voice commands when driving.

Never tow a caravan or trailer.

Only drive a car, ute or van, but not a motorcycle, truck or bus.

Duration of permit

10 years

Most learners have their Ls for at least two years before they go for their Ps. This means 120 hours is about an hour of driving a week.
Crash risk changes from Ls to Ps.
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As a learner driver

Your learner is relatively safer on their Ls, as they’ve got you with them.

That’s why your learner needs to gain a minimum of 120 hours driving experience, as it’s the best time to learn safe driving behaviours.