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Why we have a Graduated Licensing System in Victoria

How the Graduated Licensing System in Victoria helps you develop as a safe driver

What’s next based on your age 

Why it’s good to get at least 120 hours driving experience

How you move through the Graduated Licensing System

You changing crash risk as you go from your Ls to Ps

Read up on the road rules

The Graduated Licensing System helps you develop as a safe driver as it:


Prepares you for solo driving

With lots of practice on your Ls with your supervising driver.



Helps assess your driving in safe conditions

To check if you can drive safely in everyday traffic, before you’re allowed to drive solo.


Helps to reduce your risk

By keeping you out of high-risk situations as you gain experience and develop safe driving behaviours.


Helps to keep you driving within the law

To drive safely and within the law on your Ps.


What's next based on your age

New solo drivers with at least 120 hours of driving experience have a crash risk 35% lower than new drivers with only about 50 hours of experience.

A minimum 120 hours driving helps you to:


Gain driving experience

In low-risk through to more challenging situations over time.


Prepare for solo driving

Through lots of practise with your supervising driver when you're on your Ls.


Deal with complex driving

Deal with simple to complex driving situations before you drive solo.

Be a safe driver

By building your safe driving behaviours.


An evaluation of the Graduated Licensing System in 2017 found those in the first year of their Ps and drivers 18 to 20 years have had their rate of involvement in fatal and serious injury crashes drop.
Find out how you move through the Graduated Licensing System.
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Age you can apply

16 years

What you need to apply

Fitness to drive.

Proof of who you are.

What we'll assess

Eyesight test.

Road rules test.

What you need to do when you drive

Clearly display L plates at the front and back of your vehicle, which must be visible from 20 metres away.

Carry your car learner permit.

Drive with a supervising driver in the seat beside you, who has a full car licence (not their Ps).

Have a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of zero.

Only use a securely mounted phone or other device for music and navigation and ONLY if setup before driving.
Make simple adjustments (e.g. to volume) using only an inbuilt device while driving.

Never tow a caravan or trailer.

Only drive a car, ute or van, but not a motorcycle, truck or bus.

Duration of permit

10 years

Most learners have their Ls for at least two years before they go for their Ps. This means 120 hours is about an hour of driving a week.
Crash risk changes from L's to P's.
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As a Learner driver

You’re relatively safer as a learner, as you’ve got your supervising driver with you.

That’s why you need to gain a minimum of 120 hours driving experience, as it’s the best time to learn safe driving behaviours.